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Small Grains – September 2017

COLORADO HIGHLIGHTS
All wheat production in Colorado, estimated at 87.60 million bushels, is down 17 percent from 2016, according to the September 1 Agricultural Survey conducted by the Mountain Regional Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. All wheat yield was 43.2 bushels per acre, down 5.0 bushels per acre from a year ago.
Winter wheat producers seeded 2.25 million acres in the fall of 2016 for harvest in 2017, down from 2.35 million acres seeded for the previous year’s crop. Acreage harvested for grain decreased 170,000 acres from last year to 2.02 million acres in 2017. Winter wheat production is estimated at 86.86 million bushels, down 17 percent from last year. Winter wheat yield, at 43.0 bushels per acre, is down 5.0 bushels per acre from last year.
Spring wheat seedings, at 10,000 acres, are down 1,000 acres from last year. Acreage harvested totaled 9,000 acres, down from 10,000 acres harvested last year. Spring wheat production is estimated at 738,000 bushels, down 16 percent from last year. Spring wheat yield, at 82.0 bushels per acre, is down 6.0 bushels per acre from last year.
Oat seedings in Colorado totaled 50,000 acres, down 5,000 acres from last year. Producers harvested 9,000 acres for grain or seed, down 1,000 acres from 2016. Oat production totaled 585,000 bushels in 2017, down 27 percent from last year. Oat yield is 65.0 bushels per acre in 2017, down 15.0 bushels per acre from the previous year.
Colorado’s barley seeded area, at 70,000 acres, is down 10,000 acres from last year. Harvested area, at 68,000 acres, is down 7,000 acres from 2016. Barley yield, at 132.0 bushels per acre, is up 3.0 bushels per acre from last year. Barley production in 2017 is estimated at 8.98 million bushels, down 7 percent from the previous year.
UNITED STATES HIGHLIGHTS
All wheat production totaled 1.74 billion bushels in 2017, down 25 percent from the revised 2016 total of 2.31 billion bushels. Area harvested for grain totaled 37.6 million acres, down 14 percent from the previous year. The United States yield is estimated at 46.3 bushels per acre, down 6.4 bushels from the previous year. The levels of production and changes from 2016 by type are winter wheat, 1.27 billion bushels, down 24 percent; other spring wheat, 416 million bushels, down 22 percent; and Durum wheat, 54.9 million bushels, down 47 percent.
Winter wheat production for 2017 totaled 1.27 billion bushels, down 24 percent from the revised 2016 total of 1.67 billion bushels.   The United States yield, at 50.2 bushels per acre, is down 5.1 bushels from 2016. Area harvested for grain is estimated at 25.3 million acres, down 16 percent from the previous year. Record high yields are estimated in Alabama, Illinois, Iowa, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia for 2017.
Other spring wheat production for 2017 is estimated at 416 million bushels, down 22 percent from the revised 2016 total of 532 million bushels. Harvested area totaled 10.2 million acres, down 10 percent from 2016. The United States yield is estimated at 41.0 bushels per acre, 6.3 bushels below 2016. Record high yields are estimated in Minnesota and Nevada for 2017. Of the total production, 385 million bushels are Hard Red Spring wheat, down 22 percent from the revised 2016 total.
Oat production is estimated at 49.4 million bushels, down 24 percent from 2016. Yield is estimated at 61.7 bushels per acre, down 4.3 bushels from the previous year. Harvested area, at 801,000 acres, is 18 percent below last year.
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