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Livestock Report Update for July 2107

All cattle and calves in the United States, as of July 1, 2017, totaled 103 million head. This is 4 percent above the 98.2  million head on July 1, 2015.
All cows and heifers that have calved, at 41.9 million head, are 5 percent above the 39.8 million head on July 1, 2015. Beef  cows, at 32.5 million head, are up 7 percent from two years ago. Milk cows, at 9.40 million head, are up 1 percent from 2015.
All heifers 500 pounds and over, as of July 1, 2017, totaled 16.2 million head. This is 3 percent above the 15.7 million head on July 1, 2015. Beef replacement heifers, at 4.70 million head, are down 2 percent from two years ago. Milk replacement heifers, at 4.20 million head, are unchanged from 2015. Other heifers, at 7.30 million head, are 9 percent above two years earlier.
Calves under 500 pounds in the United States, as of July 1, 2017, totaled 28.0 million head. This is 5 percent above the 26.7 million head on July 1, 2015. Steers weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 14.5 million head, up 3 percent from two years ago. Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 2.00 million head, up 5 percent from 2015.
Calf Crop Up 3 Percent from 2016
The 2017 calf crop in the United States is expected to be 36.3 million head, up 3 percent from last year’s calf crop and up 6 percent from 2015. Calves born during the first half of 2017 are estimated at 26.5 million head. This is up 4 percent from the first half of 2016 and 8 percent above 2015. An additional 9.80 million calves are expected to be born during the second half of 2017.
Cattle and calves on feed for the slaughter market in the United States for all feedlots totaled 12.8 million head on July 1, 2017. The inventory is up 6 percent from the July 1, 2015 total of 12.1 million head. Cattle on feed, in feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head, accounted for 84.5 percent of the total cattle on feed on July 1, 2017. This is down 0.1 percent from 2015. The combined total of calves under 500 pounds and other heifers and steers over 500 pounds (outside of feedlots) is 37.0 million head. This is 5 percent above the 35.4 million head on July 1, 2015.
CATTLE ON FEED – COLORADO
The number of cattle and calves on feed for the slaughter market in Colorado feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 head or larger was estimated at 930,000 head as of July 1, 2017. The latest inventory was 9 percent above July 1, 2016 inventory but 4 percent below the previous month’s inventory. The inventory included 575,000 steer and steer calves, up 5 percent from the previous year.
The number of heifer and heifer calves, at 355,000 head, are up 18 percent from a year ago. Cattle feeders with 1,000 head or larger capacity marketed an estimated 160,000 head of fed cattle during June 2017. This was 14 percent above the previous month’s marketings, and 14 percent above marketings one year earlier. An estimated 125,000 cattle and  calves were placed on feed during June, 22 percent below the previous month’s placements, but 19 percent above June 2016  placements. Of the number placed in June, 20 percent weighed less than 600 pounds, 20 percent weighed from 600 to 699
pounds, 28 percent weighed from 700 to 799 pounds, 16 percent weighed 800 to 899 pounds and 16 percent weighed 900 pounds or greater. Other disappearance for June, at 5,000 head, was 5,000 head below last month but the same as last year.
UNITED STATES
Cattle and calves on feed for the slaughter market in the United States for feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 10.8 million head on July 1, 2017. The inventory was 4 percent above July 1, 2016. The inventory included 6.96 million steers and steer calves, up 1 percent from the previous year. This group accounted for 64 percent of the total inventory.
Heifers and heifer calves accounted for 3.86 million head, up 11 percent from 2016. Placements in feedlots during June totaled 1.77 million head, 16 percent above 2016. Net placements were 1.71 million head. During June, placements of cattle and calves weighing less than 600 pounds were 375,000 head, 600-699 pounds were 315,000 head, 700-799 pounds were 430,000 head, 800-899 pounds were 385,000 head, 900-999 pounds were 170,000 head, and 1,000 pounds and greater were 95,000 head. Marketings of fed cattle during June totaled 1.99 million head, 4 percent above 2016. Other disappearance totaled 56,000 head during June, 8 percent below 2016.
For a full copy of the Cattle report please visit www.nass.usda.gov.

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